The Scopes Trial
What most people know (or think they know) about the Scopes Monkey Trial is confined to what they saw in "Inherit the Wind." Which is odd because the authors of "Inherit the Wind" went out of their way to make clear they were writing a work of dramatic ficiton, not a history of an actual event.
If you're interested in learning the truth about the Scopes trial, the best place is Edward Larson's 1997 book, Summer for the Gods: The Scopes Trial and America's Continuing Debate Over Science and Religion. I can't recommend it highly enough.
A good Q&A with Larson from Christianity Today is here. Another good Q&A from Amazon.com is here.